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2. The Frame - Project 12, positioning the horizon

Positioning the horizon at different levels within an image can dramatically change the tone of the image.

In these pictures of the docks at Rotterdam on an early, misty morning I've positioned the horizon at various levels within the frame so as to compare the effect it gives to what is, essentially, the same view.

In the top picture the camera has been tilted to place the horizon nearer the top of the frame and show much more of the sea in the foreground.
This gives a rather dramatic feel to the scene, the expanse of water leading the viewer up to the cranes on the horizon line

The second image has the horizon placed at the centreline of the picture, this creates an altogether more static image.

The third image places the horizon much lower in the field of view. Had the sky been a little more interesting that day it may have made this option more viable as an interesting image.

The last two examples have been taken in "portrait" mode, giving the image much more space for foreground or sky. Not that successful in this case.

Interesting to note that the wide-angle lens is distorting the shape of the cranes at the outer edges of the first and third images, much less in the second where the lines are straighter due to them being further from the extremities of the lens.
8th May 2009, 19:25   | tags:,,comments (0)

2. The Frame - Project 11 (I), Balance

Visual balance within images can be achieved in a number of ways.
Elements within the picture contribute to the overall balance by nature of their size, colour and/or position within the frame.

The first image, my friend Boet at the church door, is an example of how two unequal elements within an image can still be in balance. In this case the larger element is also a large expanse of colour, dominating the whole right side of the frame, and the other element, Boet at the door, is much smaller and less colourful.
By placing the larger element nearer the middle of the frame it can be balanced by the other, less colourfully dominant element being put nearer the edge.

The second image, "Social Outcast", is simpler in its symmetry. The three front-men in the band form three equal elements, positioned within the frame to give the image natural balance.

The last image, Angel of the North at dusk, is again placed symmetrically within the frame giving balance in the image. There are equal amounts of free space on both sides of the subject.
8th May 2009, 09:24   | tags:,,comments (2)

2. The Frame - Project 11 (II), Balance

In the top picture, a plate of Tapas, complete symmetry is achieved on all axes due to the fact that the subject is round, symmetrical and positioned in the centre of the frame.

The second picture, last year's tulip harvest, is a simple example of lateral symmetry, the left and right sides of the image are of equal size and importance, therefore giving a well-balanced image.

The last picture, cyclist in the bend, is balanced in a rather more complicated fashion. The two main elements within the image, the cyclist and the stacks of bricks, are clearly unequal. By placing the larger element (the bricks) closer to the centre of the frame and the smaller element (the cyclist)nearer the edge the two (unequal) objects can still be in balance.
4th May 2009, 19:34   | tags:,,comments (3)

2. The Frame - Project 10, Focal lengths & different viewpoints

(viewed 994 times)
For this project I used my 18-135mm zoom lens.
Using different focal lengths from the same position will produce different views. By changing the viewpoint while changing lenses you can alter the perspective.
At the same scene as P9, the church at “Oud Zevenaar” as seen from the middle of that field, I took a picture at 135mm focal length, filling the frame with the subject. I then walked forward to the church, setting the focal length to 18mm, the widest angle for this lens, until the image in the viewfinder was the same, frame-filling, size as in the previous 135mm shot. I had to stand right under the church, where those people are visible in shot #1, to achieve this.
Comparing the two images shows a huge difference. Te telephoto shot is “flatter”, with much less perceptible depth. The right-angles, where right-angles should be, are truer, whereas in the wide-angle shot there is much more depth to the image and distortion due to perspective is clearly evident.
Image #2 is much more dramatic, with #1 being more the “factual representation”.
25th Apr 2009, 13:46   | tags:,,comments (0)

2. The Frame - Project 9, Focal lengths

(viewed 434 times)
This project is about seeing how different focal lengths affect an image appears.
I hiked out into the flat Dutch countryside (this location is actually about a mile from my house) and set up my camera & tripod in a field outside “Oud Zevenaar”.
Using the church as a focal-point I took a number of pictures with various lenses attached.
Image #1 (f4, 1/500) was taken with the widest angle lens I have, 10-20mm zoom, at its shortest focal length, 10mm with image #2 (f5, 1/250) set at its longest focal length, 20mm.
Image #3 (f4, 1/640) is with the 70-300mm zoom fitted. Set at 70mm, its shortest focal length and image #4 (f5, 1/250) is set at 220mm.
By zooming-in (in the computer, with an image editor) on each of the other images it is possible to make them all appear exactly like the 220mm version, albeit at a lower resolution of course. This shows that when a number of shots are taken from the same spot with different focal length lenses, though the view changes significantly the relationship between objects within the field of view remains the same.
My favourite of the four is probably the 10mm “wide-angle” shot. I like the way the edges get distorted, the clouds seem to be rushing in.
25th Apr 2009, 13:43   | tags:,,comments (0)

2. The Frame - Project 8, Recording a sequence (I)

This sequence of photographs was meant to be full of people out enjoying the spring sunshine in Tolkamer, where the River Rhine enters Holland from Germany. Only there was hardly anybody there.
Walking along the promenade, camera at the ready, looking for potential interesting shots, proved a challenge. With very little human activity I resorted to taking shots of the general area, the situation, details within the location.
• 1. The flag from one of the pavilions was blowing promisingly in the breeze, some of the cafes up there will be open.
• 2. I was drawn to the structure of the dyke, its construction.
• 3. & 4. The gap in the river defences can be shut by a huge hydraulic door.
• 5. & 6. Most of the tables & chairs set out were empty. Not quite warm enough yet to get people out.
• 7. A bike up against the railings probably belonged to one of the under-worked waiters at one of the cafes.
• 8. & 9. More empty places at optimistically laid-out tables and very little activity on the quayside.
• 10. 11. & 12. A little further on, to be fair, there were one or two people out for a drink and a sandwich.
25th Apr 2009, 13:31   | tags:,,comments (0)

2. The Frame - Project 8, Recording a sequence (II)

• 10. 11. & 12. A little further on, to be fair, there were one or two people out for a drink and a sandwich.
• 13. & 14. Any lone cyclists/walkers were greedily snapped up by my lens.
• 15. 16. 17. & 18. Resorting to placing my partner, Anja, in the shot to create some kind of foreground interest as a rare ship passes by, heading upstream into Germany on this Sunday afternoon.
• 19. The cafes & bars were depressingly empty.
• 20. Time to head back, I think.
25th Apr 2009, 13:29   | tags:,,comments (0)

2. The Frame - Project 8, Recording a sequence (III)

• 21. Through those-barrier gates again with Anja leading the way back to the car.
• 22. & 23. I wanted to take a shot of this floating Chinese restaurant when, right at the wrong moment, a sport-cyclist whizzed past.
• 24. With the wide angle lens fitted, I liked the shapes and angles in this gangway to the floating restaurant. The sky was becoming quite dramatic too and is emphasised here by the “streaking” at the edges of the 10mm zoom.
• 25. My “keeper” of the day (right next to where we parked the car in the first place, as it turned out) was not what I had expected to find at all. These two modern (and very expensive) apartment buildings look out over the river and its traffic from their protected position just behind the reinforced dyke. From my low position, and using a wide-angle lens, I think I’ve captured some of their “dominance” in the scene. Again, the distortion of the clouds, due to the edge distortion of the 10mm lens, adds some drama to the scene.
25th Apr 2009, 13:26   | tags:,,comments (0)